In the 1920s and 1930s, he [Ringelnatz] worked as a Kabarettist, i.e., a kind of satirical stand-up comedian. He is best known for his wry poems, often using word play and sometimes bordering on nonsense poetry. Some of these are similar to Christian Morgenstern's, but often more satirical in tone and occasionally subversive. His most popular creation is the anarchic sailor Kuddel Daddeldu with his drunken antics and disdain for authority.
Novalis is the nom de plume of the early romantic poet, Karl Friedrich von Hardenberg, and inspired the Hamburg musicians Heino Schünzel (bass), Jürgen Wenzel (vocals, guitar), Lutz Rahn (keyboards) and Hartwig Biereichel (drums) when they set about looking for a band name in autumn 1971. May 1973 saw the release of their debut, Banished Bridge, which had been recorded in English. Starting with the arrival of their second album, released in April 1975, their use of German lyrics ensured the band's constantly growing popularity.